Also today I received notice about the next set of proposed harvests and a friend asked if I had looked at it, telling me that a lot of cutting, mostly clearcuts, is proposed near the Loon Lake Nature Reserve in Guysborough Co. So I had a look at it, and indeed it’s “unbelievable but true” (see map).
Here is a bit of info about the Loon Lake Nature Reserve from Nova Scotia Environment:
Area: 384 hectares
Loon Lake Nature Reserve, in eastern Guysborough County, harbours impressive stands of old-growth yellow birch and sugar maple forest.
This forest is thought to have developed after a major wind storm about 200 years ago. There is little evidence of human use or disturbance throughout most of the site. Old forest remnants such as Loon Lake Nature Reserve offer a refuge to species that do poorly in the open and fragmented habitats that characterize much of the surrounding landscape.
Nature Reserves are much smaller (currently 23-969 ha) than Wilderness Areas (most are 2000+ ha, largest is 120,000 ha) and are established to “protect rare, outstanding, or representative natural features or phenomena, such as old-growth forests or the habitats of rare or endangered plants or animals”. Because of their small size, they have a higher level of protection than Wilderness Areas, so even hunting and camping are not allowed.
Edge effects are especially high in small areas, thus intensive cutting close to the borders of the Loon Lake Nature Reserve is very definitely a threat to its long term integrity. As CPAWS biologist Chris Miller said in relation to the cutting close to the Gully Lake Wilderness Area “The proper way to be managing a landscape is as you move towards the boundary of a protected area, the less suitable those woods are for forestry – the disturbance should lessen as you approach the boundary.” (View DNR proposes clearcuts on boundary of Gully Lake Wilderness Area.)
So if forestry is conducted close to the small Loon Lake Nature Reserve protecting old-growth yellow birch and sugar maple forest, it should be conducted in a fashion that protects those species. Seed production in sugar maple and yellow birch begins at about 40 years of age and reaches a peak at about 70 years. Selection management in a buffer zone would allow these species to survive in the buffer zone and increase the health and reduce the likelihood of loss of those species in the Nature Reserve; short rotation, even-aged forestry – whether involving clearcuts or partial cuts (other than selection cuts), would not.
For some clarification about clearcuts and partial cuts and why it cannot be assumed that a “partial cut” as shown on the Harvest Map Viewer will maintain mixed, multi-aged Acadian forest, see
- What’s a clearcut and what’s not a clearcut in Nova Scotia?
- How much forestry in Nova Scotia maintains mixed, multi-aged Acadian forest?
Thanks to CR for keeping an eye on the Forest Harvest Allocation posts and for letting me know about this one.
UPDATE (MAY 25, 2017): My comments were based purely on what I could see on the maps. I received these comments from Daniel George who knows the area intimately:
I know that area well as I was the one who pushed to protect this area. It is the best stand of Yellow Birch I ever saw and I have harvested grade Hardwood for over 20 years from here to Wawa Ontario.The adjacent softwood being cut is junk balsam fir hardly worth cutting. Its real value is for winter moose habitat because the area protected has no softwood for winter protection. There is basically no softwood cover left anywhere near this site as it all was gobbled up by the mill at the strait. Ironically when I addressed this site for protection the staff at New Page said it was too crooked to protect and there are Veneer logs everywere… In this stand I will say with the leaves on you can look and see 10 thousand dollars worth of wood within eye sight meaning in less than a 100 metre circle. But it’s still classified as low grade hardwood by the [boys] at the strait.
Thanks, Daniel George.