Conservation Links

Links: Conservation/Species at Risk
Five pages of links on the website of the NS Wild Flora Society under the headings Nova Scotia, Federal/Other Atlantic Provinces/U.S., International, Invasive Species, Naturalization/Native Plant Gardening.

High Conservation Value Forest Assessment Report for the Medway District
NSDNR Document, May 6, 2016. The Medway District is located in southwestern Nova Scotia, northeast of the Tobeatic Wilderness
Area and Kejimkujik Park, and west of the Cloud Lake Wilderness Area. It was acquired by the Province in 2012 when it purchased Bowater assets. 113 pages, maps etc.

Protecting Nova Scotia’s true boreal forest
Post on this website. It explains why true boreal forest in Nova Scotia is special while “borealized” Acadian forest is not.

What Is Forest Fragmentation and Why Is It A Problem?
One pager by Michael Snyder Autumn 2014 issue of Northern Woodlands. ” Ecologists suggest that true interior forest conditions – you know, where it’s hard to hear cars and lawnmowers and it remains cool, shady, and downright damp even during a three-week drought – only occur at least 200-300 feet inside the non-forest edge. And so a circular forest island in a sea of non-forest would have to be more than 14 acres in size to include just one acre of such interior forest condition. Put differently, reports indicate that the negative habitat effects of each residential building pocket within a forest radiate outward, affecting up to 30 additional acres with increased disturbance, predation, and competition from edge-dwellers.”

Forestry practices and biodiversity, with particular reference to the Maritime Provinces of eastern Canada
Bill Freedman et al., Environmental Reviews, 1994, 2(1): 33-77
Comprehensive, informative; species, community and guilds associated with forests of different ages are described; conservation challenges addressed. Full Paper (PDF)

Caterpillar Clash: The Budworm Returns
Article by Dave Sherwood in Winter 2014 issue of Northern Woodlands

Healthy Forest Partnership – Budworm Research
“The Healthy Forest Partnership is a four-year research initiative that started in 2014. We are dedicated to keeping our forest green and healthy by protecting it from spruce budworm.” based in N.B. Map includes N.S.

Olive-sided flycatcherThe Great Forest Migration
Article by Benjamin Lord in Spring 2015 issue of Northern Woodlands. “How New England’s Forests Arrived, Where They Came From, and What it Means for The Future”. Applies to NS too.

Voles and Moose, Fungi and Spruce
by John Pastor Autumn 2016 issue of Northern Woodlands/ “Have you ever wondered why patch cuts in the North Woods become carpeted with spruce and fir seedlings within a few years of being cut, while beaver meadows in the same area stay grassy for decades, or even centuries?” A fascinating storu of links between trees, mycorrhizal fungi and voles.

Spring Excavations: Pileated Woodpeckers
by Susan Shea in Spring 2016 issue of Northern Woodlands

Red Spruce Rising
by Joe Herring in Spring 2016 issue of Northern Woodlands, Acid rain and red spruce… it affected trees in US but not Canada.

Focus Species Forestry: A Guide to Integrating Timber and Biodiversity Management in Maine
by Robert R. Bryan Maine Audbon, 98 pages. Most of the species are shared with Nova Scotia

Good Forestry in the Granite State
New Hampshire. Available as PDF (227 pages), or as separate chapters in web or PDF form. Comprehensive. Most of it is applicable to Nova Scotia, e.g., 6.2 CAVITY TREES, DENS AND SNAGS

Recovery of late-seral vascular plants in a chronosequence of post-clearcut forest stands in coastal Nova Scotia, Canada
F.M. Moola & .L. Vasseur. Plant Ecology Volume 172, Issue 2, pp 183–197 . Abstract PhD Thesis “Although clearcutting had no immediate impact on overall alpha richness or diversity, the richness and diversity of residual plants declined after canopy removal and showed no evidence of recovery over 54 years of secondary succession. Consequently, compositional differences between secondary and late-seral stands persisted for many decades after clearcutting. Several understory herbs (e.g., Coptis trifolia (L.) , Oxalis montana (L.), Monotropa uniflora (L.)) were restricted to or attained their highest frequency and abundance in late-seral forests. These results suggest that the preservation of remnant old stands may be necessary for the maintenance of some residual plants in highly disturbed and fragmented forest landscapes in eastern Canada.”

The Northern Appalachian / Acadian Ecoregion: Conservation Assessment Status and Trends: 2006
The Nature Conservancy

The Northern Appalachian/Acadian Ecoregion Priority Locations for Conservation Action (Download PDF)
Trombulak, S.C. et al. 2008. M.G. Anderson. Two Countries, One Forest Special Report No. 1, 58 pages.

New Brunswick forestry practices impact bird populations, says researcher
CBC Dec 18, 2016 “Even with the changes that have occurred in the landscape, Villard said “it is never too late” to help birds in the province. He noted there are still plenty of forests that haven’t been harvested and could be maintained.” He sees the issue as a political one and encourages the public to start asking questions about how forests are managed.

Interactions between white-tailed deer density and the composition of forest understories in the northern United States
Matthew B. Russell et al. 2-17. Forest Ecology and Management 384: 26–33
“Density above four deer km2 has been suggested as a population where deer densities could provide detrimental impacts to browse-sensitive tree seedlings. Our data suggest that less than 40% of northern US forests may have deer densities below this level.” Much of this paper is applicable to Maritimes.

Biodiversity in the Forests of Maine: Guidelines for Land Management
Gro Flatebo et al., 1999

A systematic approach for selecting focal species for conservation in the forests of Nova Scotia and Maine
K. Beazley and N. Cardinal.2004. Environmental Conservation 31: 91-101 “Focal species are a critical component of conservation planning, along with representation of ecosystems, special elements and ecologically sustainable management. They warrant conservation attention because they are functionally important, wide-ranging or space-demanding, habitat-quality indicators, ‘flagship’, and/or vulnerable or special populations…Species with the highest scores were identified as potential focal species, including wolf, cougar, lynx, river otter, eastern pipistrelle, wood turtle, four-toed salamander, golden eagle and Atlantic salmon.”

What lichens and lichenologists can and sometimes cannot tell us
Post on this website. Includes a list of recent scientific papers on the lichens of Nova Scotia

A Wildlife Connectivity Analysis for the Chignecto Isthmus Region
Natuure Conservancy of Canada, 2016

American pine marten comes home
Zak Metcalfe in CH, Apr 30, 2017

The ecology of Lyme disease
Michael Henry on, Feb 2017. How forest fragmentation and biodiversity loss increase Lyme disease risk.

High conservation value forest assessment report for the Medway district
Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited February 5, 2010. 79 pages. “In 2008 Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited Mersey Woodlands Operations decided to undertake Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Forest Management Certification in the Medway District due tocustomer demand for FSC-certified paper. KBM Forestry Consultants were contracted to complete the High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) Assessment Report for Medway District.”

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